“The Physics is theoretical but the fun is real” – The Big Bang Theory (2007). Some people think that learning physics is difficult and tedious when memorizing many complicated formulas. But for those really into the subject, immersing themselves in the study of physics or tinkering with experiments is a joy for them (and maybe a way to relieve stress!).
The following article will show physics lovers an overview of physics, a career path related to this science subject. So what do physicists do? How much do physicists make? Are you more suitable to become a theoretical or experimental physicist? Below are the most apparent answers.
Want to learn more about other physics-based jobs? Maybe a robotics engineer career is for you. Try reading Salary of Robotics Engineer and How To Jump Start Your Career.
A Brief Physicist Job Description
- Conduct research on overall forces, structures, and phenomena that affect the natural world (They may focus on a specialized topic of study in physics).
- Make a hypothesis for each research based on methodology and predictions.
- Plan then control the research and experiments process to collect relevant data.
- Review experiment outcomes and run quality control tests.
- Report outcomes and give result presentations.
- Contribute to and assist with technical research papers.
- Lecture and teach students about the physics laws according to the curriculum.
Difference Between Theoretical and Experimental Physicist
In brief, theoretical physicists focus on physical phenomena. They also research on the laws governing the interactions and interrelations of matter and energy at all scales, such as gravity, the nature of time, and the universe’s origin. To study the universe’s nature, they conceive and develop models to describe the phenomena (both observable and non-observable). Also, their work is published in scientific journals.
Generally, most of their tasks is in an office and involves using mathematics to describe observations about the basic laws and principles of the universe.
On the other hand, experimental physicists’ primary focus is performing tests and experimentation on models and theories. Some pay more attention to exploring Atomic structure, properties of light, superconductors, and nuclear energy. By and large, they design experiments to test hypotheses about the interactions of matter and energy in specific ways using sophisticated equipment.
Indeed, applications of their research are important in medicine, manufacturing, alternative energy technologies, and the military. In addition to time spent in laboratory settings, experimental physicists may also write proposals to get funding for their work.
Main Duties, Workplace, and Job Outlook
|Theoretical Physicists||Experimental Physicists|
|Main duties||– Building conceptual models of the physical properties (using computers).|
– Comparing their mathematical analysis with those made by peers.
– Making analysis and predictions about complex natural phenomena.
– Preparing papers and presenting at scientific conferences.
|– Observing, recording, and analyzing data for the efficiency and utility of the models and theories made by theoretical physicists.|
– Developing ways to use the properties of matter and energy in industrial applications.
– Analyzing data on the efficiency of specific instrumentation.
|Workplace||– Theoretical physicists often teach at large universities. They may also work at federal agencies such as NASA.||– Experimental physicists work in labs, researchers for commercial or industrial companies, universities, and the federal government.|
|Job growth||– 9% for both in the period from 2018 to 2028 (Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)|
In case you want to work at federal agencies, we have many other recommendations for you: Top Career Opportunities At Federal Agencies.
Albert Einstein – a legendary theoretical physicist – Source: www.minhtrietmoi.org
Ernest Rutherford – one of the greatest experimental physicists of all time – Source: en.wikipedia.org
How Much Do Physicists Make?
As of August 6, 2021, the average annual pay for a Physicist in the United States is 120,239 USD a year. In other words, this figure is the equivalent of 57.81 USD per hour, 2,312 USD per week, or 10,020 USD per month. Additionally, a physicist’s hourly wage may range from 55 USD to 214,5 USD nationally.
In addition, most physicists can expect benefits such as paid vacation, health insurance, sick leave, and a retirement plan.
Next, let’s look at the percentile wage estimates for physicists. To clarify, this term is to indicate the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. According to the latest data in May 2020 from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, here are the percentile wage estimates for physicists nationally:
|Hourly Wage||32.43 USD||45.68 USD||62.43 USD||82.12 USD|
|Annual Wage||67,450 USD||95,020 USD||129,850 USD||170,810 USD|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
To clarify, this table indicated that:
- 10% of employees earn less than 32.43 USD per hour; therefore the remaining 90% earn more than 32.43 USD per hour.
- 25% earn less than 45.68 USD; 75% earn more than 45.68 USD.
- 50% earn less than 62.43 USD; 50% earn more than 62.43 USD (The 50th percentile is called the Median).
- 75% earn less than 82.12 USD; 25% earn more than 82.12 USD.
Moreover, let’s take a look at the top 5 states where physicists earn most:
|State||Hourly mean wage||Annual mean wage|
|Connecticut||83.64 USD||173,970 USD|
|New Mexico||81.00 USD||168,480 USD|
|South Carolina||79.38 USD||165,120 USD|
|New York||78.51 USD||163,290 USD|
|Louisiana||78.33 USD||162,930 USD|
How much do physicists make in the top 5 highest-paying states? – Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
How much do physicists make: More than money, it’s their passion satisfaction – Source: www.brainscape.com
We mentioned the difference between the 2 types of physicists. So is there any gap between theoretical and experimental physicists? How much does a theoretical physicist make? To sum up, Study.com provided us with a clear answer based on PayScale.com’s data.
|Job Title||Minimum Education Required||Median Salary (2020)|
|Theoretical Physicists||Doctoral degree||67,752 USD|
|Experimental Physicists||Doctoral degree||111,567 USD|
Source: PayScale.com and Study.com
If you want to follow another career path involving physics, you might consider becoming a physics professor. Besides teaching and grading students’ classwork, paper, or assignments, physics professors can also do a combination of teaching and research. So how much do physics professors make in the United States per year? It ranges from 56,000 USD to 131,000 USD, with an average of 109,000 USD as of July 28, 2021,
What are the typical salaries in other careers? Explore here Job overview – What The Job Entails – Plan Your Way to Success section.
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